Timeline of events in Krishnamurti's life (taken from the biographies: "Years
of Awakening", "Years of Fulfilment" and "The Open Door" by Mary Lutyens)
Years of Awakening Significant
1895 Krishnamurti is born in Madanapalle, South
India, on the 12th of May
as the eighth child of Jiddu Naraynaiah & Sanjeevamma.
1905 Mother Sanjeevamma passes away;
young Krishna would often see
her form appear; at times he would see his dead sister also.
1909 C.W.Leadbeater, a Theosophist,
picks Jiddu Krishnamurti
to be the vehicle for Lord Maitreya the World Teacher.
Maitreya, in the Mahayana Buddhism tradition, is
the Boddhisatva of compassion and the future Buddha.
First occult Initiation at Theosophical Society (TS).
Annie Besant (President, TS) becomes his legal guardian.
1911 Creation of the Order of the Star
in the East (OSE); In England,
K meets Lady Emily Lutyens (the mother of biographer Mary)
Education in England and France.
Travels to Ojai, California with brother Nityananda.
Aug 1922 Undergoes
a spiritual transformation in Ojai, CA.
1923 - 24
Moves to Castle Eerde, Ommen, Holland.
Star Publishing Trust is formed.
Goes through immense sorrow at Nityananda's death
The Rishi Valley Trust (RVT) is formed. A small school is
Madras (later shifted to Rishi Valley near Madanapalle)
1929 Dissolves OSE at the Ommen Camp;
says "Truth is a Pathless
Land"; later resigns from the Theosophical Society
Years of Fulfillment
1930 - 33 Visits Greece, Romania,Yugoslavia,Hungary to
talks. Returns to Ojai. Gives talks all over the USA
and Canada. Goes to India after a gap of 4 years.
Meets Annie Besant in India for the last time. Mrs Besant
dies in September of the same year. Visits Vasant Vihar, Madras
(later to become the HQ of KFI) for the frst time with Rajagopal.
1934 Rajghat Besant School opens in Benares
on a 200 acre land
by the side of the Ganges river acquired in 1928 by RVT.
1935 K travels with Rajagopal
& an assistant to South America
give talks. Faces hostility from the Roman catholics there.
1936 Goes to Ommen Holland for
a gathering; after a brief sojourn in
Switzerland, goes to India to give public talks.
1937 K travels to Italy & holds a small gathering
in Rome. Public talks
are banned by Mussolini. Meets Vanda Passigli (Scaravelli) & family
and at their invitation, spends some time in Fiesole & Florence.
1938 K meets Aldous Huxley & Gerald
Heard in California, both English
writers drawn to the teachings of Ramakrishna . K goes to the
Ommen Camp for the last time. (During the war, this place was
turned into a concentration camp by the Germans).
1939-40 K gives talks in Ojai & "Sarobia", Philadelphia. He was not to speak
in public again until 1944. IInd World War breaks out in Europe.
K turns pacifist, engaging in anti-war propaganda in America.
1941 Stays in a quiet retreat at the Sequoia
National Park in California
the giant 2500 yr old Sequoia trees. Back in Ojai, he takes
long walks by himself; is questioned by the FBI about this & his
pacifist anti-war outpourings during the war days.
1942-43 Visits places of natural beauty. Goes to the Mojave desert
friends, the Huxleys. At Huxley's urging, begins to write down
his ideas/thoughts. (These writings were later to be published in
book form in 1956 as the "Commentaries on Living". )
1944 Begins to give public talks again at
the Oak Grove in Ojai.
Inc (KWINC) is created from the now defunct
Star Publishing Trust for the
sole purpose of publishing & distributing
the written works of Krishnamurti.
1946 K, Rosalind Rajgopal & Aldous Huxley
become trustees of the
Association. The Happy Valley School opens in the
upper valley of Ojai, California.
1946-47 K falls seriously ill with kidney
infection (he does'nt shave for
6 months and grows a beard).
1947-48 After India gains independance from British rule,
K opts for Indian
citizenship. Meets the
Mehta sisters, Pupul & Nandini, and their
family in Bombay. (Much later Pupul (Mehta) Jayakar was to write a
biography of Krishnamurti as well).
1948 K visits Ooty, a hill station, with the two
sisters. K's "process"
goes on. (He had experienced this peculiar psychic phenomenon
earlier at Ojai,
Ehrwald & Pergine). He later describes it as a process
of purification, leaving the mind "vacant in the end".
1950 K goes to Colombo, Sri Lanka to give
public talks attended by
students, govt officials & practicing buddhists. He responds
compassionately when the audience resorts to bullying
1950 - 51
K stays in retreat for a year at Ojai.
Does'nt talk in public for 16 months.
K resumes his public talks in the garden at Vasant Vihar.
Returns to Ojai where he is down with hay fever again caused by
pollen from orange
trees. Rosalind nurses him through the sickness in a
rented house in
Santa Barbara near the sea. A big earthquake jolts the
coastal region during this period; K feels "momentarily paralyzed".
1953 "Education & the significance of life" is published
- the first K book
by a commercial publisher. The jacket material describes it as " a work
of superlative & complete honesty". K ceases to be a trustee of the
Happy Valley school. Rosalind
continues to be its "leading light" but K's
teachings are no longer its mainspring.
Jinarajadasa, an old associate
the connecting link between TS and K, dies in Chicago.
1953 - 54 K attends gathering at Il Leccio near Fiesole, Italy, organised by
Vanda Scaravelli. Back
in India, he visits Rishi Valley where he holds
discussions with teachers & students.
Rishi Valley gets heavy rains after
many years of drought & water shortage
- a recurring problem that has
continued into the present
times. Rishi Valley Trust is renamed as
Foundation for New Education. Bal Anand, a free school for poor children,
is started in
Bombay with Nandini Mehta as its director.
1954 "First and Last Freedom" is published with a ten page foreword
Aldous Huxley. Many new people come to hear
K's talks after reading this
book. "Candles in the Sun" by Emily Lutyens,
is stopped from being
published at the last moment by K who fears "unnecessary things
into prominence" if the book is released. The
book gives an account of
K's early life at TS, his letters to Lady Emily and his
at Ojai in 1922.
1956 "Commentaries on Living", a Krishnamurti book
expertly edited by
Rajagopal, is published.
1957 K falls seriously ill in India. Talks in India &
Colombo are postponed.
The Sri Lankan talks are broadcast live on radio.
Talks in Finland, England,
America, New Zealand & Australia as well as
the gathering at Biarritz are
cancelled due to K's deteriorating health. He rests in Il Leccio for
to recover from the illness.
Does not give talks for the next 17 months.
Gstaad in Switzerland where he conceives of the idea of
holding future gatherings in a nearby village (Saanen) along the lines of
Ommen camp. An already strained relationship between K and Rajagopal,
worsens at this time.
1958 K ceases to be a trustee of the
KWINC. Signs a letter giving
copyright in all the writings of K - past, present & future,
to KWINC. By now Rajagopal had become the President of KWINC.
1959 - 60 While in India, K's kidney infection returns
during his stay at
Kashmir. Recovers and gives talks in Madras, Bombay,
Rajghat & Delhi. Back in Switzerland, he is admitted into
a clinic. Later flies
back to California where he asks Rajagopal for KWINC's financial position.
His request is declined. K asks to be made a trustee again which is refused.
KWINC, which was created for K in the first place, had shut its doors on him !
1960 Talks in Ojai are cut short. Continues to speak of how the mind can
made innocent through the death of the known. Meets Mary Zimbalist
whose husband had
recently died and grants her a private interview.
Extends his stay in Ojai & begins to feel better. Goes on a holiday with
to Carmel. Friction between K & Rajagopal increases.
1961 Proceeds to England via Itlay (Il Leccio) after holding small
in India. For the first time agrees to use a
microphone & allows the Wimbledon
talks to be recorded. The day before flying off to Los Angeles & Ojai, K begins
to write an extraordinary record of
his inner states of consciousness.
He keeps up this journal for seven months. These were
later to be published as
"Krishnamurti's Notebook". The Saanen
committee is formed for the
purpose of inviting K to give talks & arranging the annual Saanen gatherings.
1962: In August after the gathering, K does'nt feel well enough to go to India and
stays on at Chalet Tanegg (a house in Gstaad rented by
for treatment. Rajagopal arrives with hopes of reconciliation
but K insists on
being put back on the board of KWINC. Rajagopal leaves
after giving K
some money to pay for the doctor's/dentist's bills.
1963: K meets Aldous Huxley for the last time in Rome. Aldous dies a few
months later. K announces that from here on all his
talks in Europe will
take place in one place - Saanen. Meets Lady Emily for
the last time in
London in September.
1964: Lady Emily Lutyens, the widow of the architect of New Delhi, dies on the
3rd of January. 1.75
acres of land in Saanen is bought by the committee for
Krishnamurti. Rajagopal agrees to put up the purchase price of $50,000 on the
understanding that after K's death the land would revert back
to the KWINC.
1965: Alain Naude, a South African of huguenot descent, becomes K's secretary
for a while (with Rajagopal's approval) and travels with him
to Europe & India.
1966: Desikachar, a young yoga teacher, is invited to Gstaad to teach K some
yoga exercises. (He had been doing yoga asanas for years for the sake of
health & not as a spiritual practice.) In New York, K meets
the poet and also speaks at Harvard Univ. K returns to
Pine Cottage, Ojai
after 5 years. His friendship with Rosalind ceases altogether. At
invitation, gives 6 talks at the Oak Grove.
The third talk is filmed by a TV crew,
the first time such a thing ever happened in K's teaching career. The
for reconciliation with Rajagopal does not happen. K asks to be
on the KWINC board & is refused again. K also asks for the journal (later
become the "Notebook") written in 1961 but R refuses to part
1967: K gives a series of talks in India, the last ever to be published by KWINC.
While in Holland, giving talks & meeting young University
students, K asks
Mary Lutyens to write a book based on his talks. In Saanen K meets
Dorothy Simmons, a sculptor, who later helps him to setup
a school in
England. A school committee is formed. Mary L begins work on a
derived from four volumes of the 1963-64 talks that Doris Pratt
had sent her.
This book was to be published in 1969 as "The Freedom from
(K himself chose the title.)
1968: K explains, how KWINC assets worth millions of dollars were transfered to
the Star Institute over which Rajagopal had complete control.
K's break with
KWINC is made public at the Saanen gathering; he seeks legal
A new Foundation is created in England by K and a decision is made
trustees to buy Brockwood Park for 42000 Br pounds in order to start
1969: KWINC donors want their money returned when they hear of the break
up. While in Ojai, K starts the Krishnamurti Foundation of
with the help of the Lilliefelts. A gathering is held
for the first time at
Brockwood Park in September. The first school term begins
Dr David Bohm, the well known quantum
physicist, is made a trustee of the
Krishnamurti Foundation, England. Bohm is interested
in the question of
the observer and the observed, a question central to
1970: The Foundation for New Education is renamed as Krishnamurti Foundation
of India (KFI) with Pupul Jayakar as its President.
Rajagopal answers the
accusations against him in the presence of the assistant
& lawyers. While at Brockwood in the spring of that
year, K asks Mary
Lutyens to write his biography with help from Shiva
Rao who lives in Delhi.
Two new books edited by Mary L - "The Only Revolution" &
Krishnamurti Reader" are published. In the summer Bulletin,
that there should be no interpreters of the teachings as they
run the risk of
distorting it for others. K travels to Australia & gives
five talks in Sydney.
1971: K meets Rajagopal four times in Ojai in order to bring about a settlement
but the meetings are fruitless. At a talk in Saanen he says,"..thought
perceive its own activities. Then one realises the limitations
of thought and
then perhaps one can go beyond it." "Urgency of
Change", based on
questions put to K by Alain Naude & edited by Mary L is published. K
goes to Paris where his talk is broadcast in French by ORTF
1972: K hears from Vigeveno, a KWINC trustee, that R may be willing to settle
out of court. He also hears that all KWINC
board members are
Theosophists. K declares that had he known this he would not have
R to handle his writings. "Tradition & Revolution",
edited by Pupulji &
Sunanda Patwardhan is published in India.
1973: "Awakening of Intelligence", a path-breaking book containing some
extraordinary dialogues between K & other well known personalities, and
"Beyond Violence" are published. K discusses with others at Ojai,
possibility of starting a school there. At Brockwood,
he talks of his own
death, the running
of the Foundations & schools after him and the need to
bring in the right kind of (young) people to run them.
over a period of 6 weeks.
1974: A co-ed school is started in Madras under the auspices of KFI. K goes
to San Diego for a series of 18 dialogues with Allan Anderson
video taped. In a partial out of court settlement, Rajagopal
returns K's 1961
journal in exchange for the tapes of K's disclosures about
for breaking with Rajagopal.
(Later as part of the full settlement, the KWINC
was dissolved; cash assets of the KWINC were transferred to KFA
deducting R's legal cost & pension; about 170 acres of land
in various parts
of Ojai was conveyed to KFA.)
1975: K returns to Pine Cottage after 9 years. K gives four talks at the Oak Grove
for the first time since 1966. Rajagopal tries to block access
to the archives
in total violation of the agreement. "Years of Awakening",
Learning" and "K on Education" are published. Mrs Bindley,
one of K's
oldest friends, dies at the age of 96.
1976-77: Emergency is declared in India by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
Censorship follows forcing K to cancel his
trip to India. In Ojai, K gives
public talks that summer in the Oak
Grove. The last talk is attended by
over 5000 people. "Krishnamurti's
Notebook" is published and K reviews
it "for fun". The Oak Grove School
opens under the auspices of KFA.
Another school is opened on Vancouver
1977: K undergoes an operation in Los Angeles and has a "dialogue with
death" while at the hospital.
He is granted the "green card" aka
permanent residency status in the USA.
1978: Near Bangalore, India, 100 acres of land is gifted to KFI to start
The Valley School opens with some help from the
Rishi Valley School.
1979: K tells ML that when he first started speaking, he used the language of
Theosophy but after 1922 (the year of his experience at Ojai)
he had found
his own language. K dictates the first set of 'Letters to the School'.
1980: K undergoes a psychic experience at Rishi Valley afterwhich he writes,
"The movement had reached the source of all energy. After
Ojai when the body had somewhat rested, there was the perception
there was nothing beyond this. This is the ultimate, the beginning
ending and the absolute. There is only
a sense of incredible vastness and
The Open Door Significant
1980: Differences arise between the English & Indian Foundations over matters
relating to publication of K's works. Radha Burnier, a close
friend of K's, is
elected President of T.S. K visits the T.S. Headquarters for
the first time in
46 years. Next day he goes to Sri Lanka, meets the Prime
Minister & the
Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi pays Rishi Valley a visit.
1981: Back in Ojai, K spends time working in the new garden at Pine Cottage.
He loves gardening and plants new trees whenever possible.
becomes the Chairman of the Publications
Committee in place of
G.W.Digby. K tells
Mary Zimbalist that "she must outlive him". While at
Ojai, K would often wake up in the morning with "a feeling of tremendous
power -not to do anything, just power"; and an extraordinary feeling of new
and vast energy. Later that year in Amsterdam, he gives a
talk where he
says,"Death is the ending of the known. It means the ending of the physical
organism, the ending of all the memory which I am. It also means
of attachments, that is, dying with living".
In June, he meets Bohm who is in
a critical condition and undergoes triple
heart surgery. Bohm who has a fear
of death is comforted by this meeting with
K. On his return to Brockwood
after a visit to Holland (where is drove up to Castle Erde he did not get down
from the car for fear of being seen) K comes down with influenza.
Mary Z that on the 11th Oct, he almost
slipped away. The door opened &
1982: Back in Ojai, K tells Mary Z that he has had the impulse to "slip off".
Then he adds, "Not now, I still
have too much to do". While in New York
to a question put to him by a New York Times correspondent on the effect
his teachings had on the way people lived, K replies, 'A little, sir. But not
much.' Bohm, who has fully recovered, comes to Ojai and along with K, John
Ridley & Sheldrake, has a series of discussions on 'The
Nature of Mind',
which is taped and shown on several cable TV
stations. Later in November
of that year he goes to Calcutta,
India to give talks for the first time. He
comments on the filth & over-crowding there; frequent power
cuts and the
"general darkness that prevails mentally too".
1983: Alone in Ojai one day, K dictates the first
entry of the book
"Krishnamurti to Himself"
into a Sony-Walkman cassette recorder. Five
years in the making, Evelyne Blau's "The Challenge of Change" - a
documentary on K's life produced by Michael Mendizza